[C# Helper]
Index Books FAQ Contact About Rod
[Beginning Database Design Solutions, Second Edition]

[Beginning Software Engineering, Second Edition]

[Essential Algorithms, Second Edition]

[The Modern C# Challenge]

[WPF 3d, Three-Dimensional Graphics with WPF and C#]

[The C# Helper Top 100]

[Interview Puzzles Dissected]

[C# 24-Hour Trainer]

[C# 5.0 Programmer's Reference]

[MCSD Certification Toolkit (Exam 70-483): Programming in C#]

Title: Use the mouse wheel to scale images while cropping them to a desired aspect ratio in C#

[Use the mouse wheel to scale images while cropping them to a desired aspect ratio in C#]

This example adds mouse wheel support to the example Crop scaled images to a desired aspect ratio in C#.

Some social media platforms work best with a 4:3 aspect ratio, so I use that example almost every day to crop images to a particular aspect ratio before posting them. If an image won't work with that aspect ratio, I sometimes crop them to a 1:1 (square) aspect ratio. You can see some of these images on Facebook, Google business, and The Enchanted Oven.

When I use MS Paint, I often use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. It's so easy that I decided to add similar mouse wheel support to the cropping example.

Supporting the mouse wheel isn't very hard once you know the trick, and there is a trick! The Visual Studio Properties window does not know about the MouseWheel event, so you need to register to catch that event at run time. The following code shows how this example does that.

private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) { ... // Prepare to use the mouse wheel. this.MouseWheel += Form_MouseWheel; }

After performing setup chores used by the previous example, this program registers the Form_MouseWheel method to catch the form's MouseWheel event handler.

I'll show you that event handler shortly. First I want to show you how the program changes the image's scale.


The previous version of this program lets you use the Scale menu's items to select one of the scale factors 100%, 75%, 66%, 50%, 25%, or 15%. That example made the selection right in the menu items' shared event handler. The new example needs to allow the Form_MouseWheel event handler to also set the scale factor, so I rearranged the code a bit. Now the program uses the following method to set the scale.

// Set the appropriate scale for this menu item. private void SetScale(ToolStripMenuItem menu_item) { // Get the scale factor. string scale_text = menu_item.Text.Replace("&", "").Replace("%", ""); ImageScale = float.Parse(scale_text) / 100f; ShowScaledImage(); // Display the new scale. mnuScale.Text = "Scale (" + menu_item.Text.Replace("&", "") + ")"; // Check the selected menu item. foreach (ToolStripMenuItem item in mnuScale.DropDownItems) { item.Checked = (item == menu_item); } }

This method takes as a parameter the menu item that represents the new scale. It takes the item's caption, removes any & or % characters that it contains, parses the result, and divides by 100 to get the scale as a floating point number. For example, that transforms the caption &25% into the value 0.25.

The code then calls the ShowScaledImage method to redisplay the image and selection rectangle at the new scale.

The method then displays the new scale factor in the Scale menu's caption as in "Scale (25%)." (See the picture at the top of this post.)

Finally, the method loops through the Scale menu's dropdown items, checks the item that came in as the method's parameter, and unchecks the others.

When you select one of the Scale menu's items, the following event handler executes.

private void mnuScale_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) { // Get the scale factor. SetScale(sender as ToolStripMenuItem); }

This method simply calls the new SetScale method, passing it the menu item that you selected.


The following event handler executes when you use the mouse wheel.

// Respond to the mouse wheel. private void Form_MouseWheel(object sender, MouseEventArgs e) { if (OriginalImage == null) return; // Find the current scale. int int_scale = (int)(ImageScale * 100); // Find the index of the corresponding menu item. ToolStripMenuItem[] menu_items = { mnuScale100, mnuScale75, mnuScale66, mnuScale50, mnuScale25, mnuScale15, }; List<int> scales = new List<int>() { 100, 75, 66, 50, 25, 15 }; int index = scales.IndexOf(int_scale); // If we're zooming out, move to a smaller scale. // Else move to a larger scale. if (e.Delta < 0) index++; else index--; // Select the new scale menu item. if ((index >= 0) && (index < menu_items.Length)) { SetScale(menu_items[index]); } }

This code first checks to see if an image is loaded and returns if one is not. Next the method multiplies the scale factor, which is something like 0.25, by 100 to get a value like 25.

The method then creates an array holding the Scale menu's items. It makes a corresponding list of the items' scale factors.

The code then uses the scales list's IndexOf method to get the index of the current scale factor. That index is also the index of the currently selected Scale menu item.

If the event handler's e.Delta parameter is less than zero, then you have moved the mouse wheel down (toward you). In that case, the code increments index to move to a smaller scale factor in the menu_items array. If e.Delta parameter is greater than zero, the code decrements index to move to a larger scale factor.

If the new index has not moved out of the menu_items array, the code calls the SetScale method described earlier, passing it the menu item that represents the new scale factor. The SetScale method then updates the scale factor, displays the image at the new scale, and shows the scale in the Scale menu's caption.


Using the mouse wheel isn't hard. The only trick is knowing that you need to install its event handler at run time because the Properties window doesn't know about it.

See the previous example for information about cropping to a desired aspect ratio.

Download the example to experiment with it and to see additional details.

© 2009-2023 Rocky Mountain Computer Consulting, Inc. All rights reserved.