Title: Convert between RGB and HLS color models in C#
C# uses uses RGB (red, green, and blue) component values to specify colors where each component value is between 0 and 255. The HLS system uses the values hue, lightness, and saturation where:
- Hue determines the color with a 0 to 360 degree direction on a color wheel.
- Lightness indicates how much light is in the color. When lightness = 0, the color is black. When lightness = 1, the color is white. When lightness = 0.5, the color is as "pure" as possible.
- Saturation indicates the amount of color added. You can think of this as the opposite of "grayness." When saturation = 0, the color is pure gray. In this case, if lightness = 0.5 you get a neutral color. When saturation is 1, the color is "pure."
This example uses the following code to translate between RGB and HLS values.
// Convert an RGB value into an HLS value.
public static void RgbToHls(int r, int g, int b,
out double h, out double l, out double s)
// Convert RGB to a 0.0 to 1.0 range.
double double_r = r / 255.0;
double double_g = g / 255.0;
double double_b = b / 255.0;
// Get the maximum and minimum RGB components.
double max = double_r;
if (max < double_g) max = double_g;
if (max < double_b) max = double_b;
double min = double_r;
if (min > double_g) min = double_g;
if (min > double_b) min = double_b;
double diff = max - min;
l = (max + min) / 2;
if (Math.Abs(diff) < 0.00001)
s = 0;
h = 0; // H is really undefined.
if (l <= 0.5) s = diff / (max + min);
else s = diff / (2 - max - min);
double r_dist = (max - double_r) / diff;
double g_dist = (max - double_g) / diff;
double b_dist = (max - double_b) / diff;
if (double_r == max) h = b_dist - g_dist;
else if (double_g == max) h = 2 + r_dist - b_dist;
else h = 4 + g_dist - r_dist;
h = h * 60;
if (h < 0) h += 360;
// Convert an HLS value into an RGB value.
public static void HlsToRgb(double h, double l, double s,
out int r, out int g, out int b)
if (l <= 0.5) p2 = l * (1 + s);
else p2 = l + s - l * s;
double p1 = 2 * l - p2;
double double_r, double_g, double_b;
if (s == 0)
double_r = l;
double_g = l;
double_b = l;
double_r = QqhToRgb(p1, p2, h + 120);
double_g = QqhToRgb(p1, p2, h);
double_b = QqhToRgb(p1, p2, h - 120);
// Convert RGB to the 0 to 255 range.
r = (int)(double_r * 255.0);
g = (int)(double_g * 255.0);
b = (int)(double_b * 255.0);
private static double QqhToRgb(double q1, double q2, double hue)
if (hue > 360) hue -= 360;
else if (hue < 0) hue += 360;
if (hue < 60) return q1 + (q2 - q1) * hue / 60;
if (hue < 180) return q2;
if (hue < 240) return q1 + (q2 - q1) * (240 - hue) / 60;
For information about the HLS color model, see the HSL and HSV Wikipedia entry.
Download the example to experiment with it and to see additional details.